Algae technology will revolutionise the production of products we use everyday. Fundamental to this game changing technolcy is the fact that algae utilises CO2 as a feedstock and is powered by solar energy to grow and create products through photosynthesis.
Currently algae are commercially used for the production of many high value and specialised products including:
As R&D continues in the application of algal technology, productivity, and efficiency improvements, more products will be commercialised. Current focus of research includes:
Algae are a form of nonvascular plants, including both macro algae (or seaweeds) and micro algae. Although there is no formal definition for the term micro algae, these are generally meant to include all algae too small to be seen clearly by the naked eye.
Micro algae carry out photosynthesis to split Carbon Dioxide and Water to produce Oxygen, and store the remaining Hydrogen and Carbon as the hydrocarbons, oil and biomass. The actions of photosynthesis are powered by light energy obtained from the sun, or high efficiency lighting.
As algae utilise CO2 directly as a feedstock, and are powered by solar energy, they can be seen as the ultimate in sustainable `factories'. By the direct use of 002 as a carbon source, algae facilitate the 'carbon cycle' which sequesters 002 from the atmosphere, or industrial process, and store CO2 in algae-derivered products.